Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Francis Marion, The Swamp Fox A prominent American officer during the American Revolution, Brigadier General Francis Marion played a key role in the wars southern campaigns and earned the moniker The Swamp Fox for his exploits as a guerilla leader. His military career began with the militia in the French and Indian War during which he fought the Cherokees on the frontier. When the war with Britain began, Marion received a commission in the Continental Army and helped defend Charleston, SC. With the citys loss in 1780, he commenced a career as a highly effective guerilla leader that saw him employ hit and run tactics to win numerous victories over the British. Early Life and Career Francis Marion was born around 1732 on his family plantation in Berkeley County, South Carolina. The youngest son of Gabriel and Esther Marion, he was a small and restless child. At age six, his family moved to a plantation in St. George so that the children could attend school in Georgetown, SC. At the age of fifteen, Marion embarked on a career as a sailor. Joining the crew of a schooner bound for the Caribbean, the voyage ended when the ship sank, reportedly due to being struck by a whale. Adrift in a small boat for a week, Marion and the other surviving crew finally reached the shore. French and Indian War Electing to remain on land, Marion began working on his familys plantations. With the French and Indian War raging, Marion joined a militia company in 1757 and marched to defend the frontier. Serving as a lieutenant under Captain William Moultrie, Marion took part in a brutal campaign against the Cherokees. In the course of the fighting, he took note of Cherokee tactics which emphasized concealment, ambush, and utilization of terrain to gain an advantage. Returning home in 1761, he began saving money to purchase his own plantation. American Revolution In 1773, Marion achieved his goal when he bought a plantation on the Santee River about four miles north of Eutaw Springs which he dubbed Pond Bluff. Two years later, he was elected to the South Carolina Provincial Congress which advocated for colonial self-determination. With the outbreak of the American Revolution, this body moved to create three regiments. As these formed, Marion received a commission as a captain in the 2nd South Carolina Regiment. Commanded by Moultrie, the regiment was assigned to the Charleston defenses and worked to build Fort Sullivan. With the completion of the fort, Marion and his men took part in the defense of the city during the Battle of Sullivans Island on June 28, 1776. In the fighting, a British invasion fleet led by Admiral Sir Peter Parker and Major General Henry Clinton attempted to enter the harbor and was repulsed by Fort Sullivans guns. For his part in the fighting, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel in the Continental Army. Remaining at the fort for the next three years, Marion worked to train his men before joining the failed Siege of Savannah in the fall of 1779. Going Guerilla Returning to Charleston, he fortuitously broke his ankle in March 1780 after jumping from a second-story window in an effort to escape a bad dinner party. Directed by his doctor to recuperate at his plantation, Marion was not in the city when it fell to the British in May. Following subsequent American defeats at Moncks Corner and Waxhaws, Marion formed a small unit of between 20-70 men to harass the British. Joining Major General Horatio Gates army, Marion and his men were effectively dismissed and ordered scout the Pee Dee area. As a result, he missed Gates stunning defeat at the Battle of Camden on August 16. Operating independently, Marions men scored their first major success shortly after Camden when they ambushed a British camp and liberated 150 American prisoners at Great Savannah. Striking elements of the 63rd Regiment of Foot at dawn, Marion routed the enemy on August 20. Employing hit-and-run tactics and ambushes, Marion quickly became a master of guerilla warfare using Snow Island as a base. As the British moved to occupy South Carolina, Marion relentlessly attacked their supply lines and isolated outposts before escaping back into the regions swamps. Responding to this new threat, the British commander, Lieutenant General Lord Charles Cornwallis, directed Loyalist militia to pursue Marion but to no avail. Routing the Enemy Additionally, Cornwallis ordered Major James Wemyss of the 63rd to pursue Marions band. This effort failed and the brutal nature of Wemyss campaign led many in the area to join the Marion. Moving sixty miles east to Ports Ferry on the Peedee River in early September, Marion soundly defeated a superior force of Loyalists at Blue Savannah on September 4. Later that month, he engaged Loyalists led by Colonel John Coming Ball at Black Mingo Creek. Though an attempt at a surprise attack failed, Marion pressed his men forward and in the resulting battle were able to force the Loyalists from the field. In the course of the fighting, he captured Balls horse which he would ride for the rest of the war. Continuing his guerilla operations in October, Marion rode from Ports Ferry with the goal of defeating a body of Loyalist militia led by Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Tynes. Finding the enemy at Tearcoat Swamp, he advanced at midnight on October 25/26 after learning that the enemy defenses were lax.Ã Using similar tactics to Black Mingo Creek, Marion split his command into three forces with one each attacking from the left and right while he led a detachment in the center. Signaling the advance with his pistol, Marion led his men forward and swept the Loyalists from the field. The battle saw the Loyalists suffer six killed, fourteen wounded, and 23 captured. The Swamp Fox With the defeat of Major Patrick Fergusons force at the Battle of Kings Mountain on October 7, Cornwallis became increasingly concerned about Marion. As a result, he dispatched the feared Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton to destroy Marions command. Known for laying waste to the landscape, Tarleton received intelligence regarding Marions location. Closing on Marions camp, Tarleton pursued the American leader for seven hours and across 26 miles before breaking off the pursuit in the swampy territory and stating, As for this damned old fox, the Devil himself could not catch him. Final Campaigns Tarletons moniker quickly stuck and soon Marion was known widely as the Swamp Fox. Promoted to brigadier general in the South Carolina militia, he began working with the new Continental commander in the region, Major General Nathanael Greene. Building a mixed brigade of cavalry and infantry he conducted a failed attack on Georgetown, SC in conjunction with Lieutenant Colonel Henry Light Horse Harry Lee in January 1781. Continuing to defeat the Loyalist and British forces sent after him, Marion won victories at Forts Watson and Motte that spring. The latter was captured in conjunction with Lee after a four-day siege. As 1781 progressed, Marions brigade fell under the command of Brigadier General Thomas Sumter. Working with Sumter, Marion took part in a fight against the British at Quinbys Bridge in July. Forced to withdraw, Marion split from Sumter and won a skirmish at Parkers Ferry the following month. Moving to unite with Greene, Marion commanded the combined North and South Carolina militia at the Battle of Eutaw Springs on September 8. Elected to the state senate, Marion left his brigade later that year to take his seat at Jacksonboro. Poor performance from his subordinates required him to return to command in January 1782. Later Life Marion was re-elected to the state senate in 1782 and 1784. In the years after the war, he generally supported a lenient policy toward the remaining Loyalists and opposed laws intended to strip them of their property. As a gesture of recognition for his services during the conflict, the state of South Carolina appointed him to command Fort Johnson. Largely a ceremonial post, it brought with it an annual stipend of $500 which aided Marion in rebuilding his plantation. Retiring to Pond Bluff, Marion married his cousin, Mary Esther Videau, and later served at the 1790 South Carolina constitutional convention. A supporter of the federal union, he died at Pond Bluff on February 27, 1795.
Monday, March 2, 2020
Dinosaur Footprints and Trackmarks You can do the dinosaur footprint math yourself: If the average Tyrannosaurus rex walked two or three miles per day, it would have left behind thousands of footprints. Multiply that number by T. Rexs multi-decade life span, and youre well into the millions. Of these millions of footprints, the vast majority would have been erased by rain, floods, or the subsequent footprints of other dinosaurs. However, a tiny percentage baked and hardened in the sun, and an even tinier percentage managed to survive to the present day. Because theyÃ¢â¬â¢re so common, especially compared to complete, articulated dinosaur skeletons, dinosaur footprints are an especially rich source of information about the size, posture, and everyday behavior of their creators. Many professional and amateur paleontologists devote themselves full-time to the study of these trace fossils or as theyÃ¢â¬â¢re sometimes called, ichnites or ichnofossils. Other examples of trace fossils are coprolites - fossilized dinosaur poop to you and me. How Dinosaur Footprints Fossilize One of the odd things about dinosaur footprints is that they fossilize under different conditions than dinosaurs themselves. The holy grail of paleontologists - a complete, fully articulated dinosaur skeleton, including imprints of soft tissues - usually forms in sudden, catastrophic circumstances, such as when a Parasaurolophus is buried by a sandstorm, drowned in a flash flood, or chased by a predator into a tar pit. Newly-formed footprints, on the other hand, can only hope to be preserved when theyre left alone - by the elements and by other dinosaurs - and given a chance to harden. The necessary condition for dinosaur footprints to survive for 100 million years is that the impression has to be made in soft clay (say, along a lake, coastline, or riverbed), and then baked dry by the sun. Assuming the footprints are well-done enough, they can then persist even after being buried under successive layers of sediment. What this means is that dinosaur footprints arenÃ¢â¬â¢t necessarily found only on the surface. They can also be recovered from deep beneath the ground, just like ordinary fossils. What Dinosaurs Made the Footprints? Except in extraordinary circumstances, its pretty much impossible to identify the specific genus or species of dinosaur that made a given footprint. What paleontologists can figure out fairly easily is whether the dinosaur was bipedal or quadrupedal (that is, whether it walked on two or four feet), what geological period it lived in (based on the age of the sediment where the footprint is found), and its approximate size and weight (based on the size and depth of the footprint). As for the type of dinosaur that made the tracks, the suspects can at least be narrowed down. For example, bipedal footprints (which are more common than the quadrupedal kind) could only have been produced by meat-eating theropods (a category that includes raptors, tyrannosaurs, and dino-birds) or plant-eating ornithopods. A trained investigator can distinguish between two sets of prints. For example, theropod footprints tend to be longer and narrower than those of ornithopods. At this point, you might ask: cant we identify the exact owner of a set of footprints by examining any fossil remains unearthed nearby? Sadly, no. As stated above, footprints and fossils are preserved under very different circumstances, so the odds of finding an intact Stegosaurus skeleton buried next to its own footprints are virtually zero. Dinosaur Footprint Forensics Paleontologists can only extract a limited amount of information from a single, isolated dinosaur footprint. The real fun starts when the prints of one or more dinosaurs (of the same or different species) are found along extended tracks. By analyzing the spacing of a single dinosaurÃ¢â¬â¢s footprints - both between the left and right feet and forward, in the direction of motion - researchers can make good guesses about the dinosaurs posture and weight distribution (not a small consideration when it comes to larger, bulkier theropods like the huge Giganotosaurus). It may also be possible to determine whether the dinosaur was running rather than walking, and if so, how fast. Footprints also tell scientists whether or not the dinosaur held its tail upright. A droopy tail would have left a telltale skid mark behind the footprints. Dinosaur footprints are sometimes found in groups, which (if the tracks are similar in appearance) counts as evidence of herding behavior. Numerous sets of footprints on a parallel course may be a sign of mass migration or the location of a now-vanished shoreline. These same sets of prints, arranged in a circular pattern, can represent the traces of an ancient dinner party - that is, the dinosaurs responsible were digging into a heap of carrion or a tasty, long-gone tree. More controversially, some paleontologists have interpreted the proximity of carnivorous and herbivorous dinosaur footprints as evidence of ancient chases to the death. This may certainly have been the case, in some instances, but its also possible that the Allosaurus in question tromped along the same patch of ground as the Diplodocus a few hours, a few days, or even a few years later. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Be Fooled Because theyre so common, dinosaur footprints were identified long before anyone had even conceived of the existence of dinosaurs - so these track marks were attributed to giant prehistoric birds! This is a good example of how its possible to be right and wrong at the same time. Its now believed that birds evolved from dinosaurs, so it makes sense that some types of dinosaurs had bird-like footprints. To show how quickly a half-baked idea can spread, in 1858, the naturalist Edward Hitchcock interpreted the latest footprint finds in Connecticut as evidence that herds of flightless, ostrich-like birds once roamed the plains of North America. Over the next few years, this image was taken up by writers as diverse as Herman Melville (author of Moby Dick) and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, who referenced birds unknown, that have left us only their footprints in one of his more obscure poems. Source Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth. To the Driving Cloud. The Belfry of Bruges and Other Poems, Bartleby, 1993.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Second Language - Assignment Example It is noticing that ensures that input becomes intake before any processing takes place. This is a pre-requisite for the learner's integration into the developing inter-language system. Noticing thus the first stage in second language acquisition. (Gass, 1988) Balestone emphasizes on the importance of noticing by calling the "real gateway to subsequent learning". (Balestone, 1994) This has been asserted by Lynch as well who claims that noticing is the most essential ingredient of successful language learning. (Lynch, 2001) Various other researchers have marked out and pointed the importance of noticing in second language acquisition. Sharwood and Rutherford are to name a few. They believe that noticing leads to the other subsequent stages before the language is acquired in its entirety. After noticing, the processing phase takes form and once processing starts, the language gets integrated into the learner's mind. However noticing can be of various, forms. It can be in both conscious as well as unconscious states of mind. According to some authors, the assertion that "noticing the gap" is a conscious process is not right. They feel that it can't be a conscious process and there are far too many differences in languages that can be acquired consciously. It is not as simple as it looks like, but is a rather complex. Apart from this Truscott has criticized these founding's claiming that the foundations of hypothesis in cognitive psychology is weak and it can't be based on rational theory of languages. He feels that noticing is not a very legitimate and strong factor in second language acquisition. He believes that noticing is only important for the acquisition of met linguistic language which is acquiring the ability to change words, fill gaps, adapt to sentence manipulations and dictate grammar rules. Noticing acts a mediary between the input and the memory systems. Spotlight consciousness is given by short term memory and is instantiated by various influences on noticing. These are the main factors that influence noticing: Instruction, silence, task demand, perceptual silence, skills, frequency and comparing. Instruction plays an important role in laying the foundations for expectation settings about the language which are noticed by observers and adapted accordingly. Another language feature that is of considerable importance is frequency which comes up due to repeated use of the language by teachers. This helps the learner notice the features of the language and eventually learn them accordingly. Skills set required to be incommunicado for a particular language is yet another important element that assists noticing of language in humans. Q2) Corrective Feedback in Second Language Learning What are the types of feedback Different terms have been used interchangeably that identify corrective feedback in the second language acquisition literature. Some of these terms are corrective feedback, negative evidence and negative feedback. According to Chaudron (Chaudron, 1992) the word corrective feedback can be layered down to mean different things. A "treatment of error" could mean any teaching behavior that follows after an error has been made. These steps aim to inform the learner of the facts of the error. The treatment will not be observed from the student's response but it would rather work to
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Criminal Justice - Essay Example According to the research findings it can therefore be said that the criminal justice system protects the citizens from the criminal elements. The system includes the United States courts of law. First, the criminal justice system includes the collection of federal agencies, state agencies, and local agencies that focus on monitoring and resolving the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ criminal incidents. Each department has the responsibility and as well as authority to process suspects in any reported crime under its jurisdiction. Likewise, each department must take control of and ensure custody of each defendant in any crime. Lastly, each department shall ensure each convicted felon serves each sentence that the courts render on each suspect or defendant. In addition, the legislative branch of the United States government creates the basic framework of each criminal justice department. Ralph Henham insists the criminal justice laws must shift to the restorative justice concept. The concept sta tes that each convicted felon is trained by the penitentiary to drop their evil ways become productive members of society, after serving their jail sentences. In addition, judicial branch of the United States implements its own basic framework for each criminal justice department to implement. Geoffrey Scarre emphasizes the courts include mitigating or aggravating circumstances when deciding cases. Finally, the executive branch of the United States government implements its own tenets for each criminal justice organization. ... Mental disorders among the juveniles significantly increase the possibility of their arrests. However, other research findings indicate the criminal justice organization must be cautious or compassionate when arresting or taking custody of the confused juvenile delinquent, especially those with acquired deficit activities and opposition defiant problems. Further, the prisons are responsible for monitoring the convicted felons and suspects within penitentiaries. Bean Philip (1999) reiterated the technology reduces the cost to hire more jail guards and within the penitentiary. Technology includes the use of CCTV cameras replace human beings as keepers of the peace and surveillance tools within the jail premises. In addition, the courts weigh the evidences as basis passing judgment. K. Douglas (Douglas, 1997) reiterates the Jury used photographic evidences to strengthen the guilty verdict. In addition, bureaucracy maximizes the criminal justice organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s efficiency. However, the line and staff organization reduces flexibility. During some occasion, the bureaucracy is synonymous with the red tape. Red tape means there are too many unnecessary rules, laws, or policies that may hinder fast, effective, and efficient implementation of the justice. Often bureaucracy impedes immediate implementation of justice. The leadership in criminal justice organizations. Ron Cacioppe (1997) accentuates leadership wisdom is of prime importance in the criminal justice organization. First, the leaders must hone their current skills in critical thinking. Next, the leaders of the criminal justice organization should enhance their current crisis leadership prowess. In addition, the criminal justice systemÃ¢â¬â¢s leaders must improve their present change management
Saturday, January 25, 2020
Writing Style I hear inner Strunk and White voices of Ã¢â¬Å"donÃ¢â¬â¢t overwriteÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"write in a way that comes naturally,Ã¢â¬ and so forth, going through my head. I have visions of endless Williams examples and illustrations on clarity. I see weeks of blog writings flashing through my memory. From all of this, I now own and believe in a firm and personal definition of what style is and what good writing entails. William Strunk and E.B. WhiteÃ¢â¬â¢s book The Elements of Style, along with Joseph M. WilliamsÃ¢â¬â¢s book Style Toward Clarity and Grace helped lead me to this point, which is: what is the point? What really matters when we consider the style of writing? What makes good writing good? Every writer could collectively sit down together and never come up with an answer to these questions because every writer has a different opinion on what matters. As a writer and a reader, I believe what really matters in style is the affect a piece of writing has on readers. Although every reader is different in the way a piece of writing impacts her/him, there is still an unspoken knowledge that all readers want to come away from a piece of writing a changed person, with a challenged view on a subject matter, with a new interest, or a passion for a previously unknown matter. What is the point? The point is that style, no matter how it is presented, needs to have an affect on each and every reader. No writer wants to sit down and hear echoes of their seventh grade English teacher pounding messages of Ã¢â¬Å"use correct grammar and punctuation!Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"watch your s pelling!Ã¢â¬ in their brains, restricting them from all creativity. For that matter, no reader wants to pick up two pieces of writing from two different writers and se... ... From these books on style, IÃ¢â¬â¢ve learned that the content of the writing is not as important as the presentation of it. If a piece of writing is clear, concise, understandable, and formatted well, a reader will be affected by it. Of course the content is important as well, but the point is no reader will want to give a piece of writing the time of day unless they are attracted to it in the first place. If they are attracted, they will be affected. Style is personal and unique, but style can also follow guidelines which will in turn help a writer to fulfill her/his purpose and make the life of a reader less complicated and more enjoyable. Works Cited Strunk, William Jr., and E.B. White. The Elements of Style. New York: Longman. 2000. Williams, Joseph M. Style Toward Clarity and Grace.Chicago:The University of Chicago Press. 1995.
Thursday, January 16, 2020
SEMIOTICS ASSIGNMENT The front cover of TIME magazine, issued on December 10, 2007 was taken before the start of the presidential campaign in America, and the man on the front cover is Barack Obama Ã¢â¬â who was a favourite at the time. The bias of the picture, the coverÃ¢â¬â¢s anchorage and the article altogether show that the underlying purpose of this magazineÃ¢â¬â¢s issue was to influence readers to side with TIME and vote for this man. This cover resembles a famous picture taken of Martin Luther King Junior and serves to link Obama with the American Civil-Rights hero in order to influence the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s position towards Obama.This cover can be seen as a metaphor of the rise of the African American in society, as well as politics. Semiotics is the study of signs and symbols and their use or interpretation (Oxford dictionary) and will be used to unveil the hidden meaning behind this front cover. This is a picture of a black man in a suit, who is standing upright with h as his arms crossed. This man is neither smiling, nor is he frowning and is not looking directly at the camera. The background is multiple shadings of grey. The word Ã¢â¬Å"TIMEÃ¢â¬ , as well as the anchorage is in white, and words Ã¢â¬Å"the contenderÃ¢â¬ are in red.The outside rim of the magazine is also red, with a white border between the picture and the red rim. ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s suit gives off an impression that he is polished, prepared and serious. ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s suit also commands a sense of respect from the reader and a sense that he has etiquette as well as control. The manÃ¢â¬â¢s facial expression is neutral Ã¢â¬â which gives off the impression that he is stable, reliable and somewhat loyal. This is effective because one sees this control and presumes that this man is secure in who he is (he feels no need to make false pretences) and thus one can trust him with their vote in the coming presidential elections.The manÃ¢â¬â¢s upright posture illustrates a sense of s trength because he looks anchored and thus powerful. The man is not looking directly at the camera which enhances his seriousness and creates a sense of intrigue within the reader Ã¢â¬â one canÃ¢â¬â¢t help but wonder what this man is thinking of, and why he is thinking it. The manÃ¢â¬â¢s posture makes him appear courageous and determined to handle the responsibility of anything (i. e. the presidential campaign). ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s body language of firmly folded arms insinuates that he is being defensive, ready to take on a boxing fight.The fight will be the upcoming presidential campaign which includes the Ã¢â¬Å"attacksÃ¢â¬ that he will get from the public and media being in the race (for example the media will be negative and pointedly highlight his inadequate characteristics). Therefore by looking just beyond the camera, Obama appears to be aware of what is coming and prepared to face the coming battle like a courageous boxing hero. The shaded grey background highlights the manÃ¢â¬â¢s power and illuminates him in a god-like manner.The light surrounding the man results in the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes being drawn directly to him, and gives the the impression that he is Ã¢â¬Å"the lightÃ¢â¬ and is like an angel in the darkness. The magazine name, Ã¢â¬Å"TIMEÃ¢â¬ , is in white in order to contrast the grey background and highlight the magazineÃ¢â¬â¢s name. The anchorage on the front cover enhances the overall message of a sense of polish and control. Ã¢â¬Å"TIMEÃ¢â¬ is written in Times New Roman, an old-fashioned and serious style of writing Ã¢â¬â which corresponds to the pieces of writing within the magazine.The name of the magazine is also not fully displayed (BarackÃ¢â¬â¢s head is blocking the Ã¢â¬Å"MÃ¢â¬ of TIME) and this demonstrates the popularity of the magazine because the magazine is so well known that people can immediately recognise it, without even displaying its full name. It also highlights ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s importance and pres tige Ã¢â¬â the fact that the company are willing to be less recognised by their name is not an issue due to ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s great popularity and dominance, which will influence people to buy the magazine anyway because of him.TIME is in the colour white which makes it an arbitrary sign which represents goodness, peace and innocence. Ã¢â¬Å"The ContenderÃ¢â¬ is also highlighted on the cover, and characterizes someone who is fighting for first place in a competition. Red attracts the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s eye to the title of the magazineÃ¢â¬â¢s issue, draws attention to the manÃ¢â¬â¢s face and highlights that he is in the running for something big. Ã¢â¬Å"The ContenderÃ¢â¬ is in bold (which draws the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s attention to the words) and is in a very rich red Ã¢â¬â which is an arbitrary signifier that can represent passion, power and strength.This corresponds to the articleÃ¢â¬â¢s position towards Obama which highlights his courage, ambition and dominance in the presi dential campaign. It is also interesting to note the publisherÃ¢â¬â¢s use of Ã¢â¬Å"theÃ¢â¬ instead of Ã¢â¬Å"aÃ¢â¬ because Obama is a contender for the presidency of America, and is joined by many other contenders. However, by replacing Ã¢â¬Å"aÃ¢â¬ with Ã¢â¬Å"theÃ¢â¬ the reader is positioned to view Obama as the one and only competitor in the campaign.This therefore influences the reader to believe that he is going to be the ultimate winner of the competition because all other opponents are forgotten and will pale in comparison to his lead in the competition. The article inside the magazine talks about ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"pledge to practice a new kind of politicsÃ¢â¬ and how he managed to get Ã¢â¬Å"more money from small donors than all the other Democratic candidates combinedÃ¢â¬ (TIME). This extract shows the biased approach that the author of the magazine, as well as the director of the photography for the front cover took with regards to ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s p ortrayal as an American politician.The article purposefully highlights the massive power that Obama and his organization has in the lives of many Americans, and this is linked to the light in which heÃ¢â¬â¢s portrayed in on the front cover Ã¢â¬â a portrayal of power and dominance. The article also speaks about the other political campaigners who are opponents of ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s (such as Hilary Clinton, Dick Cheney and Don Rumsfeld) Ã¢â¬â however Obama portrayed to be in a more dominant position than them.For example: Ã¢â¬Å"Obama has also begun to sharpen one of his strongest arguments Ã¢â¬â that experience is not the same thing as judgement Ã¢â¬â for which Clinton has not yet found a rejoinderÃ¢â¬ . When reading the article, it is very apparent that the writer is clearly in favour of Obama and his political campaign. This bias is also seen through the light that Obama is portrayed in the picture Ã¢â¬â a dominant, powerful and superior light, a sign that he is supe rior to all the other Ã¢â¬Å"contendersÃ¢â¬ in the presidential campaign.One canÃ¢â¬â¢t help but question if this magazine companyÃ¢â¬â¢s political reliability due to their bias when it comes to the governance of the country. It is also interesting to note that Obama, who used to practise Civil Rights Law, is positioned to resemble Martin Luther King junior. OÃ¢â¬â¢Shaughnessy and Stadler (2008) define intertextuality as the process of knowingly borrowing and referring to other texts or interpreting one text in the light of other related texts. As you can see from the very famous above image, TIME very skilfully resembles the Front cover to this picture of the American hero, Martin Luther King junior.King was a peaceful Civil Rights leader who also refused to conform to the political practices of the time and created a peaceful yet powerful movement that America had never seen before. King is known as an innocent, equality-driven leader who made a big difference in a small amount of time. KingÃ¢â¬â¢s portrait is a medium sized picture of him in a suit with his arms folded where he is also not looking directly into the camera Ã¢â¬â much like the portrait of Obama.The likeness between these two pictures therefore makes the reader assume these same quality traits of King, to that of Obama Ã¢â¬â which then makes the reader regard Obama to be a hero who will lead the country into equality and greatness, much like King did. This picture highlights the growth of the African Americans in society as well as politics because Obama is portrayed in a dominant light, instead of the inferior light with which the African Americans were portrayed in the previous century.TIMEÃ¢â¬â¢s target market is success-driven, intelligent men (and on the rare occasion women) who are involved in business and take an interest in politics. This is therefore a successful front cover because it addresses all of those fields Ã¢â¬â politics, business, current affairs etc. W hilst most people would say this was a boring front cover Ã¢â¬â when correlated with their target market, it is clearly effective in convincing their desired consumer to choose their magazine from the rest. Even though this cover is severely biased, it is valuable because of its link with Martin Luther King Jr. nd its emphasis of the rise of the African American in not only society Ã¢â¬âbut also politics. REFERENCES: BarackObama. Biography. 2010. [O] Available: http://www. biography. com/people/barack-obama-12782369? page=4. Accessed on 25/03/2012 Oxford Dictionaries. 2012. [O] Available: http://oxforddictionaries. com/definition/semiotics? q=semiotics. Accessed on 27/03/2012 Tumulty, K. 2007. [O] Available: http://www. time. com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1689203-2,00. html. Accessed on 28/03/2012
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
Goals of a Leader in Healthcare Staffing One of the 7 habits of highly effective people is to begin with the end in mind. When I learned this habit a few years ago I implemented this thought process not only in my personal life but more importantly my professional life. I know where I want to end, and that is running my own staffing company generating millions in revenue for my family versus for someone else. In order to accomplish this there are goals that I will need to achieve over the next 2-3 years to ensure I start the company and I am successful. The short term goals I need to achieve are financial rewards, becoming relevant to the board members in the event of an sell, and grow the Nursing division by 25% in the first year. The long term goals are strategic in that I will build an extremely strong leadership team that could potentially assist me in running my organization, and to hold a President role to increase my credibility with potential investors. I am confident that if I achieve both my long term and short te rm goals I will be set up for success to launch my own staffing company. Financial Rewards It will be important when I am considered for funding for my company, that I am financially sound. If I am able to earn a monthly commission of $6,000.00 this will ensure I can save my annual salary. This monthly commission will allow me to live very comfortably, and even move closer to my job to cut down on my commute. All of these creating a happy and healthyShow MoreRelatedThe Five Habits Of Highly Effective People1326 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLiberty Honors Program. Stephen CoveyÃ¢â¬â¢s The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, as the title suggests, outlines exactly what one needs to do to be an effective person. I hope to gain each of these seven habits from an Honors Program Education at Liberty University: be proactive, begin with the end in mind, first things first, think win-win, seek first to understand then to be understood, synergy, and sharpen the saw. CoveyÃ¢â¬â¢s first habit of effective people is to be proactive. Being proactive is aboutRead MoreThe Five Habits Of Highly Effective People1164 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn his book, The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People, Covey (2004) states, Management is efficiency in climbing the ladder of success; leadership determines whether the ladder is leaning against the right wall (pg. 101). As one climbs the ladder of success, their achievements are in the hands of the individuals they manage. With todayÃ¢â¬â¢s complex and rapidly changing health care, the role of the manager is reliant on nurse leaders in creating success in continuous quality improvement and patientRead MoreI Am The Master Of My Fate, And The Captain Of Your Soul Essay1430 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHabit #1: Be Proactive: If you desire to be successful in life, you have to Ã¢â¬Å"be proactive and willing to endure hard work and dedication. Nothing in the life is free; everything is brought with a price. We all can decide our own fate by making good decisions for ourselves in life. If we want love, joy, peace, and happiness, we must practice all of these emotions through our physical actions. As William Ernest Henly once said in poem Invictus, Ã¢â¬Å"I am the master of my fate, and the captain of my soulÃ¢â¬ Read MoreStephen Covey s Habits Of Highly Effective People2716 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesLiterature Review of Stephen CoveyÃ¢â¬â¢s Seven Habits of Highly Effective People Throughout Stephen CoveyÃ¢â¬â¢s book, the central question I believe Covey is asking each of us isÃ¢â¬ ¦ are you who you are? To answer this question you need to first look inside yourself, fully examining your value system. After fully understanding yourself, you then can look outward at the way you are living your life. Are you living a life that truly reflects and justifies the internal value system you identified? The significantRead MoreHabits Of Highly Effective People By Stephen R. Covey1672 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSummary of Main Points in 7 Habits of Highly Effective People This book on 7 Habits of Highly Effective People was written in 1989, is still a great book today. Stephen R. Covey talked about great habits that we need to encrypt in our daily living to be effective at work, home and as a person. He explained how the habits is based on developing our independence. The first habit he talked about was being proactive in our lives. To be proactive we need to have self-awareness of our actions. We needRead MoreJournal Entries for habit1732 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesJournal Entries for habit one and two Habit 1: Be Proactive According to Stephen Covey, being proactive is part of human nature and humans are responsible for their own lives. He indicated the details of a social map which consist of Genetic determinism (Ancestors), Psychic determinism (Parents) and Environment determinism (Boss or something in the environment). The proactive concept was explained further using the Stimulus and Response relationship and the catalyst story of Viltor Frankl. BetweenRead MoreThe 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, authored by Steven Covey Book report in APA format1160 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe 7 Habits of Highly Effective People Stephen Covey authored the book, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, to offer his expert, professional, and personal insight of seven habits, or traits, exhibited by effective people. While outlining the seven habits, he emphasizes that each previous habit is the building block for the next. He also shows how all the habits are tied together to effectively transition through the growth stages of dependence to independence to interdependence to becomeRead MoreThe 7 Habits Of Highly Effective Teens By Sean Covey1751 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe 7 Habits of Highly Effective Teens by Sean Covey is a modified version of his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s book, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. Unlike Stephen Covey, who wrote his book with the audience of adults in mind, his sonÃ¢â¬â¢s book is targeted towards teens. Ã¢â¬Å" Covey avoids the academic writing style that one will find in StephenÃ¢â¬â¢s and delivers the seven habits model in an easy to read, humorous style that does not lose an y of the impact of the seven habitsÃ¢â¬ (Change Management Coach). Being both entertainingRead MoreThe Habits Of Highly Effective People By Stephen R. Covey Essay1858 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages7 Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen R. Covey When I went through professorÃ¢â¬â¢s required book list, I recognized the book, 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, at my first glance. I do remember that I read its Chinese version which was a present from my grandfather almost ten years ago when I was a teenager. Shortly after feeling excited, I was a little embarrassed because I barely remember the 7 habits. Now as an adult almost a decade later, after finished the book, the original work,Read MoreThe Habits Of Authentic Leadership1534 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHabits of Authentic Leadership Stephen R. Covey has authored numerous leadership and personal growth books. This paper focuses on the book titled Ã¢â¬Å"The Seven Habits of Highly Effective PeopleÃ¢â¬ and its relation to the theory of authentic leadership as well as its application to nursing practice. All seven of the habits are valuable to nursing practice, enabling nurses to become more effective leaders and care providers. The habits applying to authentic leadership principles that will be discussed are